Beyond Don Juan: Rethinking Iberian Masculinities | cfp.english.upenn.edu
by Jessica C. Murphy
The Iberian Peninsula has produced some of the most compelling and enduring male archetypes in Western literature and culture, including eponymous characters such as El Cid and Don Juan, and iconic personages such as the bullfighter or the hidalgo, among others. Indeed, both Spain and Hispanic cultures have long been associated with the archetypal notions of machismo and the macho that originated in medieval Iberia.Nevertheless, constructions of masculinity in the Iberian Peninsula and in Iberian cultures as they developed beyond the Peninsula go far beyond these figures. In the Catalan-speaking territories, in Galicia, in the Basque Country, as well as in the Americas, other styles and figurations of masculinity exist below the radar of the medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque texts that gave rise to this gallery of characters. And perhaps in Spanish language literature, Don Quixote can already be said to queer traditional images of the macho bravado, following on the heels of his Catalan counterpart, Tirant lo Blanc.